Afro-Latinos: An Annotated Guide for Collection Building

Current Journal Literature

Because material discussing Afro-Latino cultures and experiences is so diffuse, it is difficult to provide a list of periodicals that regularly publish articles in this area. Below is a list of journals, magazines, and newspapers that do occasionally include content of relevance.

Afro-Hispanic Review. Nashville, Tenn.: Vanderbilt Univ., 1982-. Semi-annual (ISSN: 0278-8969).
This bilingual journal of Afro-Hispanic literature and culture is the only periodical that directly addresses the subject. (Full text can be found in International Index to Black Periodicals Full Text and Proquest.)

NACLA Report on the Americas. New York: North American Congress on Latin America, 1967-. Bimonthly (ISSN: 1071-4839).
This journal often provides content pertaining to Afro-Latino populations in the Americas. (Full text can be found in Academic Search Premier [EBSCO], Informe! [Gale Group], Proquest, and others.)

Black Enterprise. New York: Earl G. Graves, 1970-. Monthly (ISSN: 0006-4165).
A monthly business and lifestyle magazine whose mission is the financial autonomy of African Americans. (Full text available in Academic Search Premier [EBSCO], International Index to Black Periodicals Full TextEthnic NewsWatchLexis Nexis Academic, and others).

Callaloo. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins Univ. Pr., 1976-. Quarterly (ISSN: 0161-2492).
A literary journal that focuses on the African diaspora, publishing original works by and critical studies of black writers globally. (Full text available in JSTOR through fall 2000, and in Project Muse from winter 1995.)

Latino Studies. Houndmills, England: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003-. Three issues per year (ISSN: 1476-3435).
Latino Studies is an interdisciplinary journal of scholarship that relates to the lived experience of Latinos and strives for their equity and representation and for social justice in the Americas. Articles engage the local, national, transnational, and hemispheric realities that impact Latino communities in the United States. (Full text available in ABI/INFORM Global and Proquest.)

New York Amsterdam News. New York: Amnews Corp, 1962-. Weekly (ISSN: 1059-1818).
Founded in New York in 1909, this publication (which ceased publication in 1938 and resumed publication in 1962) strives to be the voice of the African American community. Although a New York institution, this weekly newspaper covers national and international issues of interest to communities of African descent. (Full text available in Academic Search Premier [EBSCO] and Ethnic NewsWatch.)

Reference Resources

Appiah, Kwame Anthony, and Henry Louis Gates Jr., eds. Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience. 2d ed. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Pr., 2005 (ISBN: 0-19-517055-5).
Africana is an excellent resource edited by two well-known scholars in the fields of African and African American Studies. The encyclopedia is devoted to the African continent and its descendant cultures in Latin America, the Caribbean, and North America. However, the encyclopedia also covers the African presence throughout the world. Entries lack reference lists.

Chabr�n, Richard, and Rafael Chabr�n, eds. The Latino Encyclopedia. New York: Marshall Cavendish, 1996 (ISBN: 0-76-140125-3).
This encyclopedia presents one- to two-page essays providing brief overviews of topics relevant to research on Afro-Latino experience, such as: “Afro-Cuban,” “Afro-Hispanic,” “Mestizaje,” “Arturo Schomberg” and “Skin Color.” Each article is signed by the author and lists pertinent, if somewhat dated, references.

Horowitz, Maryanne Cline, ed. New Dictionary of the History of Ideas. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Thomson Gale, 2005 (ISBN: 0-68-431377-4).
This six-volume set presents an excellent overview of intellectual history, particularly as it reflects current scholarship and intellectual thought. Includes relevant entries on “Mestizaje,” “Ethnicity and Race,” and “Latinos.” Essays average two pages, and include especially germane and current bibliographies.

Martin, Dolores M., ed. Handbook of Latin American Studies. Austin, Tex.: Univ. of Texas, 1936- (also available online, vols. 56-60) (ISSN: 0072-9833).
Since 1936, the Hispanic Division of the Library of Congress has produced this selective bibliography on Latin American issues, containing publications chosen and annotated by academics. A search for “afro latino” in the online HLAS database returns 149 records, ranging from articles on salsa to black identity in Bermuda.

Oboler, Suzanne, and Gonz�lez, Deena J., eds. The Oxford Dictionary of Latinos and Latinas in the United States. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Pr., 2005 (ISBN: 0-19-515600-5).
This four-volume set includes more than nine hundred essays on Latino experiences in the United States from Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Central America, South America, Europe, Asia, and the Middle East. Each essay is signed. Particularly useful entries include: “Afro-Latinos,” “Black-Latino Relations,” “Blanquamiento,” “Col�n, Jes�s,” “Hip-Hop,” and “Ybor City.”

Skutsch, Carl, and Martin Ryle, eds. Encyclopedia of the World’s Minorities. New York: Routledge, 2005 (ISBN: 1-57-958392-X).
While brief, the essays in this encyclopedia direct the researcher to people, movements, and concepts to pursue in depth. Each opens with a capsule summary that includes the population of country or region, the language of area, and religion. Essays are signed by the authors.

Stavans, Ilan, ed. Encyclopedia Latina: History, Culture, and Society in the United States. Danbury, Conn.: Grolier Academic Reference, 2005 (ISBN: 0-71-725815-7).
This four-volume set provides concise but rich essays signed by the authors. A reference list accompanies each essay. It should be noted that Ilan Stavans is one of the most prominent scholars and prolific editors of Latin American and Latino academic reference resources.

Tenenbaum, Barbara A., ed. Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. New York: Macmillan Library Reference USA, 1996 (ISBN: 0-68-419253-5).
The essays in this encyclopedia are brief, but dense and useful. References are somewhat dated. Relevant entries include, “African Brazilians,” “Color terminology,” “African-Latin American Relations,” and “African-Latin American Religions.” Articles are signed by author.

Films

Fortes, Jorge, and Diego Ceballos. Afroargentinos/Afroargentines. VHS. New York: Latin American Video Archives (distributor), 2002.
This film provides a counternarrative to the national myth of Argentina’s exclusively European heritage by tracing the history of black people in Argentina and their contributions to Argentine culture and society.

Morillo, Bernardo. Africa Mia. DVD. Lanham, Md.: National Film Network (distributor), 2002.
This film provides a view into the lives of a group of Ecuadorian Afro-Latinas who organize themselves into a group they call Africa Mia (Africa Mine) in order to negotiate racial discrimination, create a community, and live independently.

Negr�n-Muntaner, Frances. Brincando el Charco: Portrait of a Puerto Rican. VHS. New York: Women Make Movies (distributor), 2000.
This fictionalized autobiographical documentary directly engages the construction of race and expressions of racism in both the United States and Puerto Rico.

Rebollar, Rafael. La Raiz Olvidada/The Forgotten Roots. VHS. New York: Latin American Video Archives (distributor), 2001.
This film details the history of Mexico’s overlooked African populations. Utilizing interviews and archival footage and photographs, the film traces the contributions of African groups in Mexico, from the slave ring of the colonial period to today’s Afro-Mexican communities in Guerrero, Oaxaca, Campeche, Morelos, and Veracruz.

Sporn, Pam. Cuban Roots/Bronx Stories. VHS. New York: Latin American Video Archives (distributor), 2000.
This documentary examines the multifaceted identity of a black Cuban family in the Bronx.

Periodical Databases

The databases listed below are good sources for identifying recent articles in this interdisciplinary area. Keywords and phrases to employ in the search process are Afro-Latin*, Afro Latin*, Afrolatin*, “black* AND Hispanic”, “black* AND latin*” (the asterisk indicates truncation). Using the national appellation retrieves additional results: Afro-Puerto Rican, Afro-Cuban, Afro-aregentino, and so on. The phrases “Afro-Latin* OR Afro Latin*” and “Black AND (Hispanic OR Latin*)” yielded the best results.

AnthroSource, American Anthropological Association (AAS).
This database provides the complete, full-text archive of all peer-reviewed journals, newsletters, and bulletins published by the AAS through 2003.

Ethnic NewsWatch, Proquest CSA.
This database indexes a collection of full-text articles from newspapers, magazines, and journals of the ethnic, minority, and native press in America, covering news, culture, and history from more than two hundred publications in multiple languages dating back to 1990. It is particularly useful in finding local commentary related to the Afro-Latino experience from popular magazines and newspapers (such as New York Amsterdam NewsPhiladelphia TribuneMichigan Citizen).

International Index to Black Periodicals, Proquest CSA.
This database includes current and retrospective bibliographic citations and abstracts from more than 150 scholarly and popular journals, newspapers, and newsletters from the United States, Africa, and the Caribbean. International Index to Black Periodicals indexes some scholarly journal articles not found in the above databases (from Afro-Hispanic Review, Journal of African American Studies, and Palara–Publication of the Afro-Latin/American Research Association).

Web of Science, Thomson.
Included in this database are the Social Sciences Citation Index and the Arts & Humanities Citation Index. This database is valuable if you have known items for which you can perform cited reference searches.

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