What is logistics? The meanings of logistics

Rusq.org explains what logistics means

  • Today, I would like to invite you to read with Website Rusq to learn about the meaning of Logistics . Logistics meanings. Why do businesses now often use the term Logistics in business reports?

What is the definition of Logistics?

Is a summary concept of the process from goods storage, packaging, warehousing to customs clearance to transport goods from the supplier to the consumer. In addition to the work of delivery and receipt, the Logistics industry also has other activities such as storage and warehousing; packaging – packaging, rotating goods, handling defective goods… If doing well at the Logistics stage, businesses will save a lot of costs on transportation, thereby reducing product costs, increasing competitiveness. Besides, when it comes to Logistics, you also hear the concept of 3PL (Third Party Logistics provider). So what does 3PL mean?

What is logistics? Is logistics logistics?
What is logistics? Is logistics logistics?
  • 1PL (First Party Logistics): is the person who provides the goods, usually the shipper, or the consignee. Companies will invest in their own means of transport, warehousing, and labor to carry out their logistics activities. However, this is only for large corporations with strong financial capacity and experienced staff to manage and operate.
  • 2PL (Second Party Logistics) is a provider of logistics services, such as shipping lines, airlines, trucking companies.
  • 3PL (Third Party Logistics): is a person who provides total solutions for logistics services to customers (on behalf of shippers). 3PL normally includes many different services, closely combining the transportation and storage of goods, performing related procedures, etc.
  • 4PL (Fourth Party Logistcis): aka Integrator. The party that connects its own resources, scientific and technical facilities and other organizations.

Classification of services in Logitics:

Main logistics services:

  • a) Cargo loading and unloading service
    b) Warehousing services – storing goods.
    c) Transport agency services, including customs clearance agency activities and cargo loading and unloading planning;
    d) Other ancillary services, including receiving, storing and managing information related to the transportation and storage of goods in the Logistics chain; activities of re-handling goods returned by customers, inventory and overdue goods.

Logistics services related to transportation:

  • a) Air transport services;
    b) Pipeline transportation services;
    c) Maritime transport services;
    d) Road transport service
    d) Rail transport services.
    e) Inland waterway transport services.

2.3. Other related logistics services:

  • a) Postal services;
    b) Commercial services;
    c) Commercial and retail services, including inventory management, collection, collection, classification, redistribution and delivery of goods;
    d) Other transport support services.

Logistics features:

  • * Logistics supports the operation of businesses: Logistics supports the entire operation of the business, even when the product has left the enterprise’s production line and reached the consumer. An enterprise can combine any element of logistics together or all logistics elements depending on the requirements of its business. Logistics also supports business operations by managing the movement and storage of raw materials entering the business and semi-finished products moving within the business. – Overview of Logistics services
  • * Logistics is a highly developed and complete development of transport and forwarding services, associated with forwarding and logistics.Logistics now has diversified the traditional concept of transportation and forwarding. From just acting on behalf of customers to perform discrete stages such as chartering, storing freight, preparing goods, packing, recycling, customs clearance, … to providing full service from warehouse to delivery. warehouse (Door to Door). Today, to be able to perform their business, the forwarder must manage a synchronous system from forwarding to transportation, supplying materials for production and business, preserving goods.
  • *The growth in the number of consumers has fueled the rise of domestic markets for goods and services. Therefore, to solve the challenges caused by the expanding market, the logistics system is helping businesses master their supply capacity by closely linking supply, production and distribution activities.

4. The most popular logistics jobs today

4.1 Document staff

Job description:

  • – Perform duties related to goods documents such as: drafting import and export documents: contracts, invoices, bills of lading, delivery notes, notice of arrival…
  • – Prepare customs declaration documents, quality certificates, official letters, applications for certificates of origin, and submissions to relevant parties.
  • – Contact with customers, coordinate with field department to carry out customs clearance procedures.
  • – Maintain documents and records.

Professional skills required:

  • – Require candidates to have professional knowledge related to customs procedures, freight forwarding.
  • – Other skills such as: fluent in foreign languages, good computer skills, flexible and responsible communication and handling situations.

4.2 Sales staff

Job description:

  • – Provide necessary information related to goods, persuade customers to use the company’s services
  • – Always maintain relationships with old customers by keeping in regular contact, updating policies, new offers
  • – Expanding new customers by promoting services, taking care of customers.
  • – In charge of supporting and monitoring when problems arise to ensure the best service quality for customers.

Professional skills required:

  • – Basic knowledge of sales, maritime procedures.
  • – Other skills such as: communication – persuading customers; Have patience and good ability to handle situations.

4.3 Warehouse staff

Job description:

  • – Receive orders from customers and arrange appropriate delivery schedules.
  • – Schedule the routes in a scientific and reasonable manner; Ensure goods are delivered on time and save costs.
  • – Management of loading and unloading activities.
  • – Guide and supervise the inspection of quantity and quality of goods from the time of shipment until delivery to the customer.
  • – Coordinate with carriers, transport staff or other related partners to resolve arising problems affecting delivery activities.

Professional skills required:

  • – Professional requirements for specialized transport, export – import operations.
  • – Skills required: sense of responsibility, computer proficiency skills; ability to synthesize, plan and supervise work, careful working style; profession.

4.4 Purchasing staff

Job description:

  • – Prioritize list, Evaluate order plans, issue requisitions and manage the process for purchasing activities.
  • – Work directly with the planning and production department
  • – Provide necessary information and documents to suppliers
  • – Track orders, confirm production time, delivery time, costs. Respond promptly to incidents.
  • – Ensure orders comply with contractual agreements
  • – Evaluate, update, maintain orders until the end

Professional skills required:

  • – Practical knowledge of information and prices of goods and materials in the market
  • – Skills: financial management, basic understanding of the market, communication and negotiation skills, creativity, the ability to maintain relationships…

4.5 Forwarder (Forwarder)

Job description:

  • – Receive and process information, track the delivery progress of shipments
  • – Get D/O, power of attorney at shipping lines, agents. Arrange and mobilize vehicles to support the transportation
  • – Support and advise customers to come up with optimal solutions
  • – Coordinate with relevant departments to serve customers in the best way

Professional skills required:

  • – Requires basic knowledge of customs procedures, freight forwarding, running orders…
  • – Skills: good situation handling, agile but meticulous, patience and ability to withstand high pressure.

4.6 Customs Clerk

Job description:

  • – Check import and export documents, make sure they are valid and in accordance with the law
  • – Checking, classifying goods, ensuring goods are legal
  • – Carry out customs declaration activities through software
  • – Guide field staff to carry out necessary procedures for customs clearance of goods

Professional skills required:

  • – Requires professional knowledge in the transport industry, finance and customs, foreign trade operations, etc.
  • – Other skills: good English communication skills, good time management skills, meticulous, accurate and responsible work arrangement.

4.7 Operation staff

Job description:

  • – Follow up the process of closing and loading goods directly at the warehouse. Declare to customs at the port
  • – Coordinate with other departments to receive documents and deliver goods to customers on time as agreed
  • – Report detailed work to the department in charge and the board of directors

Professional skills required:

  • – Basic knowledge of customs procedures, freight forwarding, running orders, experience in customs clearance is required.
  • – Other skills: good English communication, good communication and situational skills, good teamwork, know how to manage time, scientific work.


As one of the industries that is predicted to become a “trend” in the next 5 years, students who are interested in this field as well as import-export business in general can refer to some Training facilities are as follows:

What is logistics? Is the salary of the logistics industry high or low?
What is logistics? Is the salary of the logistics industry high or low?
  • – International University – National University of Ho Chi Minh City. Ho Chi Minh
  • – Foreign Trade University (all 3 campuses: Hanoi, Quang Ninh and Ho Chi Minh City)
  • – College of Foreign Economic Relations of Ho Chi Minh City. Ho Chi Minh
  • – Financial colleges customs
  • – Vietnam Maritime University
  • – University of Transport City. Ho Chi Minh
  • – RMIT International University Vietnam
  • – Hanoi University of Transport and Transport
  • – University of Economics and Law – National University of Ho Chi Minh City Ho Chi Minh
  • – Academy of Finance (Faculty of Taxation – Customs)

Opportunities and challenges for the logistics industry

  • Logistics industry has been present in Vietnam for the past 30 years with an impressive growth rate, up to 35-40%. Currently, there are more than 1,500 businesses operating in this field and this number is expected to increase rapidly in the near future.
  • According to the Vietnam Logistics Research and Development Institute, in the next 3 years, enterprises operating in the field of Logistics need about 18,000 more employees, not counting businesses operating in other industries. This shows that the potential for development and job opportunities for those who study Logistics is very large, you can absolutely get a high-paying, stable job at domestic and foreign Logistics enterprises right away. after graduating from school.
  • However, no job is easy, to be successful in the logistics profession also requires a lot of effort. First, you have to hone your foreign language skills because most businesses have an orientation to expand cooperation with foreign companies, the documents and minutes are also presented in English. Fluency in foreign languages will be a solid springboard for you to find opportunities in any company. Next, you should prepare mentally to move a lot, especially when you choose a job related to import and export. In addition, the dynamism, agility and meticulousness also help you score points when applying for the position of Logistics.


Through this article, Rusq.org hopes that readers will understand what Logistics is ? Logistics meanings. And also hope that the above information will help readers understand the meaning of the term Logistics that businesses often use today.

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